Massage Therapists are educated and trained to accurately assess and provide treatment with techniques that include massage, manual therapy, joint mobilization, hydrotherapy and rehabilitative exercises (which may include stretching and strengthening, and patient education).
Education involves comprehensive studies in health sciences, including Anatomy, Physiology, Kinesiology, Pathology, Ethics, Physical Assessment, and Treatments . A combination of theoretical and practical education enables the Massage Therapist to provide an optimum treatment without compromising underlying conditions (such as diabetes, pregnancy or high blood pressure).
Upon completion of a 2200-3000 hour program, graduates must then pass a licensing (competency) exam in order to become a massage therapist recognized by the NWTMTA. This exam is not mandatory in some other jurisdictions.
Post-graduate education is mandatory for massage therapists to maintain their territorial or provincial license to practice.